Economic Integration versus Social Avoidance: Assessing Neighborhood Relationships Between the Shanty Town of Calabar and its Surrounding Upper-class Gated Communities | Integração econômica vs evitamento social: analisando relações de bairro entre a favela de Calabar e os condomínios de elite circundantes

Stephan Treuke

Resumo


This research assesses the impact of neighborhood effects on the well-being of thirty inhabitants in Calabar, a shanty-town set within an upper-class area of Salvador (Brazil). We adopted a threefold methodological framework in order to explore the material, social and symbolic dimensions of the neighborhood effects based on a set of interviews. With regard to  the material dimension, cross-class interactions via the employment nexus are fostered through geographic proximity; however social segmentation regarding access to schools, hospitals and leisure activities have reinforced the social hierarchies. In the social dimension, a high degree of cohesion and solidarity has entailed positive implications for the job search processes, access to resources and a strengthening of territorial identity. With the symbolic dimension, statistical discrimination has entailed deleterious effects on economic integration. In conclusion, the hypothesis of an opportunity-enriching environment should be subjected to careful scrutiny since the economic integration of the inhabitants neither bridges the social distances nor impedes place-based discrimination.


Palavras-chave


Neighborhood Effects; Urban Poverty; Shanty Town; Social Segmentation; Opportunity Structures; Territorial Stigmatization.

Texto completo:

PDF (ENGLISH)

Referências


ANDRADE, Luciana T.; SILVEIRA, Leonardo S. Efeito-território. Explorações em torno de um conceito sociológico. Civitas, v. 13, n. 2, p. 381-402. 2013.

ATKINSON, Rowland; KINTREA, Keith. Area effects: what do they mean for British housing and regeneration policy? European Journal of housing research, v. 2, n. 2, p. 147-166. 2002.

BRIGGS, Xavier de S. Brown Kids in White Suburbs: Housing Mobility and the Many Faces of Social Capital. Housing Policy Debate, v. 9, n. 1, p. 177-221. 1998.

CASTEL, Robert. Les métamorphoses de la question sociale: une chronique du salariat. Paris: Fayard, 1995

CONDER; INFORMS. Painel de informações: dados socioeconômicos do município de Salvador por bairros e prefeituras-bairro /Sistema de Informações Geográficas Urbanas do Estado da Bahia. Salvador da Bahia: Secretaria de Desenvolvimento Urbano and Sistema de Informações Geográficas Urbanas do Estado da Bahia, 2016.

GANS, Herbert. Culture and Class in the Study of Poverty: An Approach to Anti-Poverty Research. In: MOYNIHAN, David Patrick Moynihan (Org.). On Understanding Poverty: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. New York: Basic Books, 1969. p. 229-259.

GRAIF, Corina; GLADFELTER, Andrew S.; MATTHEWS, Stephan A. Urban Poverty and Neighborhood Effects on Crime: Incorporating Spatial and Network Perspectives. Sociology Compass, vol. 8/9, p 1140-1155, 2014.

HANNERZ, Ulf. Soulside: inquiries into ghetto culture and community. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

HÄUßERMANN, Hartmut. Armut in der Großstadt. Die Stadtstruktur verstärkt soziale Ungleichheit. Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, v. 3 and 4, p. 43-157. 2003.

KAZTMAN, Ruben. Activos y estructura de oportunidades: estudio sobre las raíces de la vulnerabilidad social en Uruguay. Montevideo: Oficina de la Cepal en Montevideo, 1999.

LEWIS, Oscar 1968. The culture of poverty.” In On Understanding Poverty: Perspectives from the Social Sciences, edited by David P. Moynihan, 187–220. New York, NY: Basic Books.

MARQUES, Eduardo C. L. Redes sociais, segregação e pobreza. São Paulo: Editora Unesp, 2010.

MASSEY, Douglas S; DENTON, Nancy. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. New York: Harvard University Press, 1993.

MURRAY, Charles. Losing ground: American Social Policy, 1950-1980. New York: Basic Books, 2015.

MUSTERD, Sako; MARCINCZAK, Szymon; VAN HAM, Maarten; TAMMARU, Tiit. Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: Increasing Separation between Poor and Rich. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor, 2015.

NIESZERY, Andrea. Soziale Segregation, Quartierseffekte und Quartierspolitik. Ein deutsch-französischer Vergleich. 2013. 343 F. Tese (Doutorado em Geografia) - Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät II. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin

PAUGAM, Serge. Die elementaren Formen der Armut. HIS: Hamburg, 2008.

PNUD. Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano no Brasil (accessed: January, 13 th, 2018). http://www.atlasbrasil.org.br/2013/, 2010.

RIBEIRO, Luiz C. de Q.; KOSLINSKI, Mariane C. Efeito metrópole e acesso às oportunidades educacionais. Revista Eure, v. 35, n. 106, p. 101-129. 2009.

RIBEIRO, Luiz C. de Q.; LAGO, Luciana C. A Oposição Favela-Bairro no Espaço Social do Rio de Janeiro. São Paulo em Perspectiva, v. 15, n. 1, p. 144-154. 2001.

ROBERTS, Bryan R. Globalization and Latin American Cities. International Journal of Urban and Regional Reserach, Hoboken, N.J., v. 29, n.1, p. 110-123, 2005.

SAMPSON, Robert J. Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2012.

SIM. Sistema de Informação Municipal de Salvador. (Accessed: : January, 13 th, 2018). http://www.sim.salvador.ba.gov.br/, 2010.

SMALL, Mario L. Villa Victoria: The Transformation of Social Capital in a Boston Barrio. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

SMALL, Mario Luis; NEWMAN, Katherine. Urban Poverty After The Truly Disadvantaged: The Rediscovery of the Family, the Neighborhood, and Culture. Annual Review of Sociology, Palo Alto, v. 27, p. 23-45, 2001.

TELLES, Edward E. Residencial segregation by skin color in Brazil. American Sociological Review, v. 57, n. 2, p. 186-197. 1994.

TORRES, Haroldo da Gama et al. Pobreza e espaço: padrões de segregação em São Paulo. Estudos Avançados, São Paulo, v. 17, n. 47, p. 1-32, 2003.

WILSON, William J. The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner-City, the Underclass and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22296/2317-1529.2019v21n1p117

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2019 Revista Brasileira de Estudos Urbanos e Regionais

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE ESTUDOS URBANOS E REGIONAIS - REV. BRAS. ESTUD. URBANOS REG. (Online)

ISSN: 2317-1529 (eletrônico); 1517-4115 (impresso)

 

Indexadores, Repositórios e Bases de dados:

                              


Redes Sociais: 


Licenciada sob uma Licença Creative Commons:

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia