Emancipatory economic deglobalisation: a Polanyian perspective | Desglobalização econômica emancipatória: uma perspectiva a partir de Polanyi

  • Andreas Novy Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna
Palavras-chave: deglobalisation, Polanyi, liberal utopia, market societies, Red Vienna.


The article explores the potential of a Polanyian analysis for overcoming the current Manichean opposition between cosmopolitan globalizers and reactionary nationalists. For long, Karl Polanyi has inspired socio-economic thinking in different ways. First, his reflections on the end of the first period of globalization in the 1930s offer insights for analysing the current political-economic situation. Furthermore, Polanyi contributes to an institutional analysis and utopian thinking towards a civilization for all. His approach enables a combination of a critique of current neoliberal globalization as a renewed version of the "liberal utopia" with a cultural and ecological critique of capitalism as a mode of production and living. In this respect, Karl Polanyi may be contrasted to Friedrich Hayek, both contemporaries of Red Vienna, an ambitious project of local socialism as a step towards a "good life for all". The social and cultural struggles in Vienna during the 1920s and 1930s offer insights for current confrontations worldwide, but especially in Brazil where the reformist attempts of civilizing capitalism where confronted with severe opposition. Instead of the false polarization between globalization and nationalism, policies “for the select few” are opposed to policies” for all”. Finally, Polanyi´s reflections will be used to shed light onto the current impasse resulting from the illegitimate deposition of president Dilma Rousseff.


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Andreas Novy, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna
Andreas Novy is head of the Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development at the Department of Socioeconomics at WU Vienna. He has published widely in the field of development studies, urban and regional development, social innovation and socio-economic transformations. He has been involved in European research projects (Urspic, Singocom, Demologos, Katarsis, Social Polis, Improve) with a strong focus on transdisciplinary and participatory research. In 2001, he published his post-doctoral theses on “Brasil: A Desordem da Periferia” with Editora Vozes.


BECKER, J. Contra la corriente: política municipal alternativa en el Cono Sur. Sociedade em Debate, v. 9, i. 3, p. 225-265, Dic. 2003.

BECKER, J.; NOVY, A. Divergence and Convergence of National and Local Regulation: the Case of Austria and Vienna. European Urban and Regional Studies, v. 6, i. 2, p. 127-143, Apr. 1999. https://doi.org/10.1177/096977649900600203

BELLO, W. The capitalist conjuncture: over-accumulation, financial crises, and the retreat from globalisation. Third World Quarterly, v. 27, i. 8, p. 1345-1367, Nov. 2006.

BLOCH, E. Das Prinzip Hoffnung. Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp, 1959.

BLOCK, F.; SOMERS, M. The Power of Market Fundamentalism. Karl Polanyi´s Critique. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

BLÜHDORN, I. The governance of unsustainability: ecology and democracy after the postdemocratic turn. Environmental Politics, v. 22, i. 1, p. 16-36, Feb. 2013. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/09644016.2013.755005

BOWLES, S.; GINTIS, H. Democracy and Capitalism. Property, Community, and the Contradictions of Modern Social Thought. London: Routledge, 1986.

BRAND, U.; WISSEN, M. Imperiale Lebensweise. Zur Ausbeutung von Mensch und Natur im globalen Kapitalismus. München: oikom, 2017.

BURAWOY, M. Public Sociology. Öffentliche Soziologie gegen Marktfundamentalismus und globale Ungleichheit. Weinheim und Basel: Beltz, 2015.

CHANG, H-J. Kicking away the ladder. Development strategy in historical perspective. London: Anthem, 2002.

DALE, G. Karl Polanyi. A Life on the Left. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016a.

DALE, G. Reconstructing Karl Polanyi. Excavation and Critique London: Pluto, 2016b.

DICKEN, P. Global Shift. Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. London: SAGE, 2015.

ERHARD, L. Wohlstand für alle. Düssedorf: Econ, 1957.

ESPING-ANDERSEN, G. The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990.

FROMM, E. Haben oder Sein. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 30. Aufl, 2001.

GALBRAITH, J. K. The end of normal. The Great Crisis and the Future of Growth. New York: Simon&Schuster, 2014.

HARVEY, D. Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference. London: Blackwell, 1996.

HARVEY, D. Spaces of Hope. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.

HARVEY, D. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

HAYEK, F. A. The Road to Serfdom. Routledge Classics. Abingdon: Routledge. Nachdruck, 2001. Aufl. 1944.

HAYEK, F. The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

HOBSBAWM, E. The Age of Empire. 1875 - 1914. London: Abacus, 2003.

HOBSON, J. Der Imperialismus. Köln-Berlin: Kiepenheuer & Witsch, 1968. HODGSON, G. Economics and Utopia. London: Routledge, 1999.

JACKSON, T. Prosperity without Growth. Foundations for the Economy of Tomorrow. London: Routledge, 2nd. Aufl 2017.

JESSOP, B. Territory, Politics, Governance and Multispatial Metagovernance. Territory, Politics, Governance, v. 4, i. 1, p. 8-32, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1080/21622671.2015 .1123173

KEYNES, J. M. National Self Sufficiency. The Yale Review, v. 22, i. 4, p. 755-769, 1933.

KEYNES, J. M. The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money. San Diego: Harcourt, 1964.

KLEIN, D. Doppelte Transformation. In: BRIE, M. (Ed.). Futuring - Perspektiven der Transformation im Kapitalismus und über ihn hinaus. Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot, 2014. p. 101-125.

LESSENICH, S. Neben uns die Sintflut. Die Externalisierungsgesellschaft und ihr Preis. Berlin: Hanser, 2016.

LÖWY, M.; SAYRE, R. Romantismo e Politica. Sao Paulo: Paz e Terra, 1993.

MARTINELLI, F.; MOULAERT, F.; NOVY, A. (Ed.). Urban and Regional Development Trajectories in Contemporary Capitalism. Oxon: Routledge, 2013.

MARX, K. Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Ökonomie. Erster Band.

MEW 23. Berlin: Dietz, 16. Aufl, 1986.

MILANOVIC, B. Global Inequality. A New Approach for the Age of Globalisation. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2016.

MILL, J. S. On Liberty. London: Penguin Books, 1985.

NOVY, A. A Desordem da Periferia. 500 anos de poder e espaço no Brazil. Zero a Esquerda. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2002.

NOVY, A. Preliminary Reflections on an eco-social civilisation model for the 21st century. Ensaios FEE, v. 33, i. 1, p. 27-44, 2012.

NOVY, A. Shaping the Great Transformation: Implications for Europe. Vienna: Grüne Bildungswerkstatt, 2014.

ÖHLINGER, W. Das Rote Wien. 1918 - 1934. 177. Sonderausstellung des Historischen Museums der Stadt Wien. Vienna: Eigenverlag der Museen der Stadt Wien, 1993.

PARTIDO DOS TRABALHADORES. O modo petista de governar. Sao Paulo: Partido dos Trabalhadores, 1991.

PECK, J. Remaking laissez-faire. Progress in Human Geography, v. 32, i. 1,p. 3-43, Feb. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132507084816

PECK, J. Explaining (with) Neoliberalism. Territory, Politics, Governance, v. 1, i. 2, p. 132-157 Nov. 2013.

PIKETTY, T. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014.

POLANYI, K. The Livelihood of Man. Studies in Social Discontinuity. New York: Academic Press, 1977.

POLANYI, K. The Great Transformation. The Political and Economic Origins of Our Times. Boston: Beacon Press, 2001[1944].

POLANYI LEVITT, K. The Origins and Significance of The Great Transformation. In: POLANYI LEVITT, K. (Ed.). The Life and Work of Karl Polanyi. Montréal: Carol Rose, 1990. p. 111-124.

POLANYI LEVITT, K. From the Great Transformation to the Great Financialisation. On Karl Polanyi and Other Essays. Halifax&Winnipeg: Fernwood, 2013.

RODRIK, D. The Globalization Paradox. New York: Norton, 2011.

ROSA, H. Resonanz. Eine Soziologie der Weltbeziehungen. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2016.

ROSANVALLON, P. The Society of Equals. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013.

SINGER, P. Uma utopia militante. Petropolis: Vozes, 1998.

SOMMER, B.; WELZER, H. Transformationsdesign. Wege in eine zukunftsfähige Moderne. Transformationen. Vol. 1. München: oekom, 2014.

SPASH, C. Social Ecological Transformation and the Individual. Environmental Values, v. 25, i. 3, june 2016, p. 253-258. https://doi.org/10.3197/096327116X14598445991349

SPASH, C. (Ed.). Routledge Handbook of Ecological Economics: Nature and Society. London: Routledge, 2017.

STREECK, W. Gekaufte Zeit. Die vertagte Krise des demokratischen Kapitalismus. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2013.

STREECK, W. How Will Capitalism End?: Essays on a Failing System. NewYork: Verso, 2016.

SUM, N-L.; JESSOP, B. Towards a Cultural Political Economy. Putting Culture in its Place in Political Economy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2013.

SWEEZY, P. M. Theorie der kapitalistischen Entwicklung. Eine analytische Studie über die Prinzipien der Marxschen Sozialökonomie. Köln: Bund-Verlag, 1959.

VEERKAMP, T. Die Welt anders. Politische Geschichte der Großen Erzählung. Hamburg: Argument, 2012.

WALLERSTEIN, I. Historical Capitalism with Capitalist Civilization. London: Verso, 1995.

WALLERSTEIN, I. Die Barbarei der anderen - Europäischer Universalismus. Berlin: Klaus Wagenbach. 2007.

WASSERMANN, J. Black Vienna. The radical Right in the Red City, 1918-1938. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2014.

WBGU. Hauptgutachten. Welt im Wandel: Gesellschaftsvertrag für eine Große Transformation. Umweltveränderungen),

WBGU (Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale (Hg.). Berlin, 2011.

WILKINSON, R.; PICKETT, K. The Spirit Level: Why equality is better for everyone. London: Penguin Books, 2010.